Baptism – Are You All Wet?


Before reading this lesson, I highly suggest you read Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth  first (if you have not already done so).

It seems today there are few things in doctrine more controversial than baptism.  I wonder if people really study the Word of God for themselves or simply believe everything they hear?  We at First UPC are in the minority when it comes to baptism; believing and practicing the doctrine delivered by Christ and practiced by the Apostles,  rather than following the traditions of man.  When if come to baptism, “Are You All Wet”?

Mat 16:15-19
(15)  He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am?
(16)  And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.
(17)  And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.
(18)  And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
(19)  And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.

Mat 28:18-20
(18)  And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
(19)  Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
(20)  Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.

Acts 2:38  Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.

Eph 4:5  One Lord, one faith, one baptism,

 

Ever heard the phrase “You’re all wet”?  Know what it means? ….. “You are all wrong”…”You don’t know what you are talking about”

When it comes to baptism, are you “all wet”?

 

1. Baptism is necessary

Mark 16:16  He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned

Act 2:37-38
(37)  Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do?
(38)  Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.

“AND “

: a logical operator that requires both of two inputs to be present or two conditions to be met before an output can be made or a statement following to be true

In other words, before a final condition is true, all of the preceding conditions must be met.

1Pe 3:20-21
(20)  Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water.
(21)  The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ:

It signifies our death and burial with Christ.

Rom 6:3  Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?

Gal 3:27  For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.

Col 2:12  Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead.

Remember, last week we learned that Acts is History; it is a recording of HOW the apostles did WHAT Christ told them to do.

In every recorded case in the book of Acts of someone coming to God, they were baptized:

  • Day of Pentecost – Acts 2:41  Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.
  • Samaritans – Acts 8:12  But when they believed Philip preaching the things concerning the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women.
  • Simon – Acts 8:13  Then Simon himself believed also: and when he was baptized, he continued with Philip, and wondered, beholding the miracles and signs which were done.
  • Ethiopian eunuch – Acts 8:38  And he commanded the chariot to stand still: and they went down both into the water, both Philip and the eunuch; and he baptized him.
  • Paul – Acts 9:18  And immediately there fell from his eyes as it had been scales: and he received sight forthwith, and arose, and was baptized.  (Conversion of Saul)
  • Gentiles – Acts 10:48  And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. Then prayed they him to tarry certain days.
  • Lydia – Acts 16:15  And when she was baptized, and her household, she besought us, saying, If ye have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come into my house, and abide there. And she constrained us.
  • Prison jailer – Acts 16:32-33  And they spake unto him the word of the Lord, and to all that were in his house.  And he took them the same hour of the night, and washed their stripes; and was baptized, he and all his, straightway.
  • Corinthians – Acts 18:8  And Crispus, the chief ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Lord with all his house; and many of the Corinthians hearing believed, and were baptized.
  • Disciples at Ephesus – Acts 19:5  When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.
  • Paul (2nd   account) – Acts 22:16  And now why tarriest thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord.

 

2. Is done by immersion

The word “baptized” comes from the Greek word:

G907

baptizo¯

bap-tid’-zo

From a derivative of G911; to make whelmed (that is, fully wet); used only (in the New Testament) of ceremonial ablution, especially (technically) of the ordinance of Christian baptism: – baptist, baptize, wash.

The Greek word: G911

bapto¯

bap’-to

A primary verb; to whelm, that is, cover wholly with a fluid; in the New Testament only in a qualified or specific sense, that is, (literally) to moisten (a part of one’s person), or (by implication) to stain (as with dye): – dip.

Jesus was immersed:

Mat 3:16  And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him:

John immersed:

Mark 1:5  And there went out unto him all the land of Judaea, and they of Jerusalem, and were all baptized of him in the river of Jordan, confessing their sins.

John 3:23  And John also was baptizing in Aenon near to Salim, because there was much water there: and they came, and were baptized.

The disciples immersed

Act 8:36-38
(36)  And as they went on their way, they came unto a certain water: and the eunuch said, See, here is water; what doth hinder me to be baptized?
(37)  And Philip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest. And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.
(38)  And he commanded the chariot to stand still: and they went down both into the water, both Philip and the eunuch; and he baptized him.

Acts 22:16  And now why tarriest thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord.

When it comes to baptism, we are in the minority.  How did this change come about?  It came about as the result of a writing call the Didache.

The Didache (pronounced Did-achē) “Teaching” is the common name of a brief early Christian treatise (dated by most scholars to the late first/early second century. It is an anonymous work not belonging to any single individual, and a pastoral manual “that reveals more about how Jewish-Christians saw themselves and how they adapted their Judaism for gentiles than any other book in the Christian Scriptures”. The text, parts of which may have constituted the first written catechism, has three main sections dealing with: Christian lessons; rituals such as baptism and Holy Communion; and Church organization. It was considered by some of the Church Fathers as part of the New Testament but rejected as spurious (false) or non-canonical by others, eventually not accepted into the New Testament canon with the exception of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church “broader canon” which includes the Didascalia which is based on the Didache. The Catholic Church has accepted it as part of the collection of Apostolic Fathers.

The “change” of the necessity of baptism by immersion came as early as the 2nd century.  Baptism by immersion was corrupted by an anonymous work, not belonging to any single individual called the “Didache” (the so-called “teaching of the twelve apostles”).  Historians have no clue as to who wrote the “work”.  This work was adopted by the early Catholic Church and the Greek Orthodox Church.

And I quote:

“But concerning baptism, thus shall ye baptize. Having first recited all these things, baptize in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit in living (running) water. But if thou hast not living water, then baptize in other water; and if thou art not able in cold, then in warm. But if thou hast neither, then pour water on the head thrice in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.”

NO WHERE IN THE BOOK OF ACTS WAS THIS PRACTICE EVER RECORDED!!!

Thus a fable of man was created.

2Ti 4:3-4

(3)  For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;
(4)  And they shall turn away [their] ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.

(1Ti 1:4)  Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questions, rather than godly edifying which is in faith: [so do].

 

3. Is required in the name of Jesus

Does Acts 2:38 contradict Matt. 28:19?

The word “father” is used 979 times in scripture.  The word “son” is used 2,371 times.  Not once does the Word of God record either of these titles as having power to wash away sins.

So where did the change come from?

Mat 16:15-19
(15) He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am?
(16) And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.
(17) And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.
(18) And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
(19) And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.

Peter was given the “keys” to heaven.  He “knew” who Jesus was.  He said the right thing on the day of Pentecost.

Jesus is a saving name:  Acts 4:12  Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.

The name above all:    Phil 2:9-11  Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name:  That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;  And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

Do things in His name:            Col 3:17  And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the Father by him.

Jesus means Jehovah – Salvation  (From Fausset’s Bible Encyclopedia, page 359)

How did the disciples baptize?  (Remember, Acts is the only book of history)

Acts 8:12  But when they believed Philip preaching the things concerning the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women.

Acts 8:15  Who, when they were come down, prayed for them, that they might receive the Holy Ghost:

Acts 8:16  (For as yet he was fallen upon none of them: only they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.)

Acts 10:47  Can any man forbid water, that these should not be baptized, which have received the Holy Ghost as well as we?

Acts 10:48  And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. Then prayed they him to tarry certain days.

Acts 19:2  He said unto them, Have ye received the Holy Ghost since ye believed? And they said unto him, We have not so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost.

Acts 19:3  And he said unto them, Unto what then were ye baptized? And they said, Unto John’s baptism.

Acts 19:4  Then said Paul, John verily baptized with the baptism of repentance, saying unto the people, that they should believe on him which should come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus.

Acts 19:5  When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.

Saul‘s (Paul’s) baptism

Acts 22:16  And now why tarriest thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord.

Going back to the “Didache”

And I quote:

“But concerning baptism, thus shall ye baptize. Having first recited all these things, baptize in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit in living (running) water…..”

Again I emphasize:

NO WHERE IN THE BOOK OF ACTS WAS THIS PRACTICE EVER RECORDED!!!

Thus another fable of man was created.  Most of the world practices something which no one knows who even started.

2 Peter 1:16  For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty.

(Col 2:8)  Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.

What do the history books tell us about all of this?

Catholic  Encyclopedia , volume 8

“Justin Marty was one of the early Fathers of the Roman Catholic Church who helped change the ancient baptism of “in the Name of Jesus Christ” to the titles of Father, Son and Holy Ghost”

FORMULA “With regard to the form used for baptism in the early Church, there is the difficulty that although Matthew 28:19 speaks of the Trinitarian formula which is now used, the Acts of the Apostles (2:38, 8:16, 10:48, 19:5) and Paul (I Corinthians 1:13, 6:11, Galatians 3:27, Romans 6:3) speak only of baptism “in the Name of Jesus.”

The Trinitarian formula was formally adopted by the Roman Catholic Church, at the Council of Nicaea in AD 325 as the “preferred” method.

                                                                                                                            

Catholic  Encyclopedia , 1967 edition, volume 2, pages 56.

“An explicit reference to the Trinitarian formula of baptism cannot be found in the first centuries.”

                                                                                                                           

Catholic  Encyclopedia , 1913 edition, volume 2,

Page 265: “The original formula for baptism was in the Name of Jesus, but the pope changed it.”

page 263:  “The baptismal formula was changed from the name of Jesus Christ to the words Father, Son, and Holy Spirit by the Catholic Church in the second century.”

                                                                                                                           

Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th edition, Vol. 3,

Pages 365-6 : “The baptismal formula was changed from the name of Jesus Christ to the words Father. Son and Holy Ghost by the Catholic Church in the second century”.

Page 82: “Everywhere in the oldest sources it states that baptism took place in the name of Jesus Christ.”

                                                                                                                            

Canney Encyclopedia of Religion

Page 53: “The early church always baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus until development of trinity doctrine in the second century.”

                                                                                                                           

Hastings Dictionary of the Bible 1963, page 1015:

“The Trinity.-…is not demonstrable by logic or by Scriptural proofs,…The term Trias was first used by Theophilus of Antioch (c AD 180),…The term Trinity is not found in Scripture…” “The chief Trinitarian text in the NT is the baptismal formula in Mt 28:19…This   late post-resurrection saying, not found in any other Gospel or anywhere else in the NT. … It is doubtless better to view the (Trinitarian) formula as derived from early (Catholic) Christian, perhaps Syrian or Palestinian not by the early Church’s teaching about God, Christ, and the Spirit:…”

                                                                                                                           

Hastings Encyclopedia of Religion, Vol. 2,

Page 377: “Christian baptism was administered using the words ‘In the name of Jesus’”

Page 378: “The use of a trinitartian formula of any sort was not suggested in the early church.”

Page 389: “Baptism was always in the name of the Lord Jesus, until the time of Justin Martyr when the Triune formula was used.”

Page 377 : “Payment was always made in the name of some person referring to ownership.  Therefore, one being baptized in Jesus’ Name became His personal property.”

                                                                                                                          

I have a name. I am a son, father and husband.
A name is important. If I write you a check and sign it  “The Husband”,  it’s a perfectly good check with a worthless signature

The scriptures warn us:

Mat 15:3      But he answered and said unto them, Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition?

Col 2:8        Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.

2 Th 2:15    Therefore, brethren, stand fast, and hold the traditions which ye have been taught, whether by word, or our epistle.

 

So, now I ask you again….Who’s really “All Wet”?

 

ElderP

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